Monday, 3 November 2014

Purusha Sukta from Rigveda, with lecture by Maharishi

Sahasra shirsha purushaha sahasrakshas sahasrapatsa bhumim vishvato vritva atyatishthad dhashangulam

Purusha, who has a thousand heads, a thousand eyes, a thousand feet, investing the earth in all direction, exceeds (it by a space) measuring ten fingers.
purusha evedagam sarvam yadbhutam yaccha bhavyam
utamritatva syeshanaha yadanne natirohati
Purusha is verily this (visible world), all that is, and all that is to be, he is the lord of immortality; for he mounts beyond (his own condition) for the food (of living beings).
etavanasya mahima ato jyayagamshcha purushaha
padosya vishva bhutani tripadasya mritam divi
Such is his greatness; and Purusha is greater than this; all beings are one quarter (part of) Him; his other three-quarters, being immortal (abide) in heaven.
tripadurdhva udaitpurushaha padosyeha bhavatpunaha
tato vishvajya kramat sashana ashane abhi
Three-quarters of Purusha ascended; the other quarter that remained in this world proceeds repeatedly, and, diversified in various forms, went to all animate and inanimate creation.
tasmad viradajayata virajo adhi purushah
sa jato atyarichyata pashchad bhumimatho puraha
From him was born Viraj, and from Viraj Purusha; he, as soon as born, became manifested, and afterwards (created) the Earth (and) then corporeal forms. 
yatpurushena havisha deva yajnam atanvata
vasanto asyasidajyam grishma idhmash sharaddhavihi
When the gods performed the sacrifice with Purusha as the offering, then Spring was its ghee, Summer the fuel, and Autumn the oblation.
tam yajnam barhishipraukshan purusham jatamagrataha
tena deva ayajantaha sadhya rishayashchaye
They immolated as the victim upon the sacrificial grass Purusha, born before (creation), with him the Devatas who were Sadhyas and those who were Rishis sacrificed.
tasmad yajnat sarvahutaha sambhritam vrishadajyam
pashugamstya gashchakre vayavyan aranyan gramashcaye
From that victim, in whom the universal oblation was offered, the mixture of curds and butter were produced, (then) he made the animals over whom Vayu presides, those that are wild, and those that are tame.
tasmad yajnat sarvahutaha richassamani jijignire
chandhagamsi jijignire tasmat yajus tasmad ajayata
From that victim in whom the universal oblation was offered, the Richa and Samans were produced, from him the metres were born, from him the Yajus was born.
tasmadashva ajayata ye ke cobhaya dataha
gavo ha jijignire tasmat tasmad jnata ajavayaha
From him were born horses and whatsoever animals have two rows of teeth; yea, cows were born form him; from him were born goats and sheep.
yatpurusham vyadadhuhu kadhita vyakalpayan
mukham kimasya kau bahu kavuru padavuchayate
When they immolated Purusha, into how many portions did they divide him? What was his mouth called, what were his arms called, what his thighs, what were his feet called?
brahmanosya mukhamasit bahu rajanyah kritaha
uru tadasya yadvaishyaha padhyagam shudro ajayata
From His mouth came the Brahmanas, his arms became the Rajanya; from his thighs the Vaishya; the Shudra was born from his feet.
chandrama manaso jataha chakshoh suryo ajayata
mukhad indrash chagnishcha pranadvayur ajayata
 The Moon was born from his mind; the Sun was born from his eye; Indra and Agni were born from his mouth; Vayu from his breath. 
nabhya asidanta riksham shirshno dyauh samavartata
padbhyam bhumirdishash shrotrat tada lokagamm akalpayan
From his navel came the firmament, from his head the heaven was produced, the Earth from his feet, the quarters of spaced from his ear, so they constituted the world. 
saptasyasam paridhayas trih sapta samidhah kritah
Deva yad yagyam tanvana abadhan Purusham pashum

Seven were the enclosures of the sacrifice, thrice seven logs of fuel were prepared, when the gods, celebrating the rite, bound Purusha as the victim.

yajnena yajnam ayajanta devaha tani dharmani pradhamanyasan
te ha nakam mahimanas sacante yatra purve sadhyah santi devaha

By sacrifice the gods worth sipped him who is also the sacrifice; those were the first duties. Those great ones became the partakers of the Heaven where the ancient Devatas, the Sadhyas, abide.

-Purusha Suktam, Rk Veda, 10.90

Maharishi lecture on Purusha after a puja to Guru Dev in 2007 (excerpt)

‘With today’s puja to Guru Dev, we feel your treasury of Kuber is now open to us. Your treasury, inexhaustible treasury, is open to us. We feel today the door of the inexhaustible treasury of Kuber is open to us.

‘Really this first month has proved to be the month of successfully digging the foundation of eternal Raam Raj. In that administration of Raja Raam, suffering belonged to no one. The world will bask in the sunshine of bliss. The Constitution of the Universe of the ever-expanding universe has quietly taken over and that we see practically. Purusha has taken over—eternal silence. Purusha has enlivened the eternal silence, and the door of affluence, positivity, invincibility is open. . . .

'Day after day, month after month, year after year, the clarion call of bliss and self-sufficiency—no conflict, no negativity, no suffering to anyone—will be more loudly heard. Long will live the descent of Heaven on Earth. Global Raam Raj is ringing the bell of Eureka as far as administration of society and the ever-increasing population of the world is concerned.

'All the Rajas and all the Ministers of the Rajas are silently vibrating with energy and intelligence and radiating the light of life, which is the light of Being, which is the light of bliss.

'Purusha administration has taken over the administration that was being guided so far by the eight Prakritis. So far the divided eight Prakritis have been administering life on earth, and now the unified state of the eight Prakritis, Para-Prakriti, which is the nature of Purusha, is taking over. This is the first month that Raam Raj descending on earth is being witnessed.

'The omnipresence of Raam Raj comes out to be our experience today. The door of Kuber is open. All the gods have opened their doors. And during this month—yesterday or the day before yesterday—I heard that the Raja of India, Raja Harris, has organized and achieved in India the target of 20,000 Purusha. Purusha will reign society. Purushottama is “Ram Brahm Paramarath Rupa”.

'The reign of Raam, Brahm, has been switched on. Just the thought of 20,000 Purusha in India is the life of India, the state of enlightenment. India is the land of the Veda, the land of the Constitution of the Universe. And where is the Constitution of the Universe? In the status of silent, self-referral Para-Shakti, one with Purusha, the very nature of Purusha.

'It was heartening to hear two days ago that 192 Purusha have taken charge—one Purusha for one country. That was the day I thought, ''Raam Raj is established.” With one Purusha for one country, the administration of the country is going to be on the self-referral Brahm level, the level of Totality. Immediately I found fulfilment rolling in front of me, fulfilment on the supreme level of civilization—the supreme level of civilization unfolding."

[** Purusha are men devoted to a programme designed by Maharishi for those who wish to dedicate themselves fully to the most rapid pace of evolution possible and creating world peace.]

Saturday, 5 July 2014

The twelve Jyotirlingas of India ­­– Seats of Silence for the World

A Jyotirlingam (Sanskrit: ज्योतिरिनगम ) is a focal point, or seat, of silence, and represents the great deity Shiva, the embodiment of silence. Jyoti means 'radiance' and lingam the 'mark or sign' of Shiva, or a symbol of the pineal gland; Jyotir Lingam thus means the The Radiant sign of The Almighty. There are twelve traditional Jyotirlinga shrines in India.
It is believed that Lord Shiva first manifested himself as a Jyotirlinga on the night of the Ardra Nakshatra. It is assumed that a person who reaches a higher level of spiritual attainment can see these lingas as columns of fire piercing through the earth.
Vedic Literature on Jyotirlingas
According to Śiva Mahāpurāṇa, once Brahma and Vishnu had an argument over their relative supremacy. To test them, Shiva pierced the three worlds as a huge endless pillar of light, the jyotirlinga. Vishnu and Brahma split their ways to downwards and upwards respectively to find the end of the light in either directions. Brahma lied that he found out the end, while Vishnu conceded his defeat. Shiva appeared as a second pillar of light and cursed Brahma that he would have no place in Vedic Yagya (ceremonies) while Vishnu would be worshipped till the end of eternity.
The jyotirlinga is the supreme partless reality, out of which Shiva partly appears. The jyothirlinga shrines thus are places where Shiva appeared as a fiery column of light. Originally there were believed to be 64 jyothirlingas while 12 of them are considered to be very auspicious and holy. Each of the twelve jyothirlinga sites take the name of the presiding deity, each considered a different manifestation of Shiva. At all these sites, the primary image is lingam representing the beginningless and endless Stambha pillar, symbolizing the infinite nature of Shiva.

Locations of the 12 Jyotirlingams

Vedic sloka 

The following sloka (द्वादश ज्योतिर्लिंग स्तोत्रम् Dvādaśa Jyotirliṅga Stotram) describes the 12 Jyotirlingas:

सौराष्ट्रे सोमनाथं च श्रीशैले मल्लिकार्जुनम्।Saurāṣṭre Somanāthaṃ ca Śrīśaile MallikārjunamSomanath in Saurashtra and Mallikarjunam in Shri-Shailam;
उज्जयिन्यां महाकालमोङ्कारममलेश्वरम्॥Ujjayinyāṃ Mahākālam Oṅkāram AmaleśvaramMahakaal in Ujjain, Omkareshwar in Amleshwar;
परल्यां वैद्यनाथं च डाकिन्यां भीमशङ्करम्।Paralyāṃ Vaidyanāthaṃ ca Ḍākinyāṃ BhīmaśaṅkaramVaidyanath in Paralya and Bhimashankaram in Dakniya;
सेतुबन्धे तु रामेशं नागेशं दारुकावने॥Setubandhe tu Rāmeśaṃ Nāgeśaṃ DārukāvaneRamesham (Rameshwaram) in Sethubandh, Nagesham (Nageshwar) in Darauka-Vana;
वाराणस्यां तु विश्वेशं त्र्यम्बकं गौतमीतटे।Vārāṇasyāṃ tu Viśveśaṃ Tryambakaṃ GautamītaṭeVishwa-Isham (Vishvanath) in Vanarasi, Triambakam at bank of the river Gautami;
हिमालये तु केदारं घुश्मेशं च शिवालये॥Himālaye tu Kedāraṃ Ghuśmeśaṃ ca ŚivālayeKedar (Kedarnath) in Himalayas and Gushmesh (Gushmeshwar) in Shivalaya (Shiwar).
एतानि ज्योतिर्लिङ्गानि सायं प्रातः पठेन्नरः।etāni jyotirliṅgāni sāyaṃ prātaḥ paṭhennaraḥOne who recites these Jyotirlingas every evening and morning
सप्तजन्मकृतं पापं स्मरणेन विनश्यति॥saptajanmakṛtaṃ pāpaṃ smaraṇena vinaśyatiis relieved of all sins committed in past seven lives.
एतेशां दर्शनादेव पातकं नैव तिष्ठति।eteśāṃ darśanādeva pātakaṃ naiva tiṣṭhatiOne who visits these, gets all his wishes fulfilled
कर्मक्षयो भवेत्तस्य यस्य तुष्टो महेश्वराः॥:karmakṣayo bhavettasya yasya tuṣṭo maheśvarāḥand one's karma gets eliminated as Maheshwara gets satisfied to the worship.

Friday, 9 May 2014

Transcendental India - images of deep meditation & communing with divinity

The oldest living spiritual wisdom on earth, the Veda, emerges from reverberations of transcendental consciousness, available to anyone through Transcendental Meditation. Cognised in holistic completeness as coherent formulae by the great seers of India to guide humanity for eternity, and preserved by the Vedic families of India for millennia, the deep silence of self-referral consciousness is the means to unfold enlightenment for any individual and create heaven on earth.

Mother India plays a special role in the family of nations as the heart and soul of all spiritual traditions by virtue of the timeless preservation of its ancient spiritual truths. Below are images which are evocative of the natural inclination towards spirituality here in India in its numerous expressions.

Maharishi - very early picture

Maharishi Pandits meditating at Brahamasthan, Madya Pradesh 

Varanasi ghat

Monday, 31 March 2014

Uttaranchal: Switzerland of India - Part 1

Nanda Devi

Excerpts from Capt. M.S. Kohli’s book

The enchanting land of Uttaranchal, with legends of lord Shiva,Guru Gobind Singh and goddess Nanda Devi, has all the Himalayan assets—nurnerous snow—clad peaks, enchanting rivers and glacial lakes, ancient shrines, ski slopes, beautiful hill stations, national mountaineering institute, camping meadows, and hundreds of trekking trails.

Uttaranchal, comprising of the Garhwal and Kumaon Himalaya, interlocked in an eternal embrace that in the adventurer’s eye all demarcatjng lines disappear making it djfficult to discover where one ends and the other begins. The single uniting factor is the snowline that rums along the horizon in the north like a golden wave, west to east. No surprise our ancestors divined in this scrawl the signature of God and named it as Dev Bhumi, Land of Gods.

Saturday, 1 March 2014

The Himalayas and the Ganges

In 1929, Mahatma Gandhi took time out from the freedom struggle to visit the Himalayas and wrote in his inimitable biblical simplicity of language:
"In these hills, Nature's hospitality eclipses all man can ever do. The enchanting beauties of the Himalayas, their bracing climate and the soothing green that envelope you leaves nothing more to be desired. I wonder whether the scenery of these hills and the climate are to be surpassed, if qualified, by any of the beauty spots of the world."

Home of the Ganga

'Sindhu' is the word used for a big river - 'Sapta Sindhu' - the land watered by the seven big rivers, the main streams of the Ganga flowing in the Garhwal. The seven are: The Vishnu Ganga (Alakananda), The Dhauli Ganga, The Nandakini, The Pinder, The Mandakini, The Bhagirathi and The Nayar.  The confluence of the seventh river, Nayar with the mainstream of the Ganga has been called 'Sapta Samudrik Teerth' in the Skanda Purana. 

Jawaharlal Nehru (The Discovery of India) wrote:

'They move silently and majestically like the seven streams of the Ganges. Rising in the icy heights of Himavat, at Gangotri, the Ganges girdles the region for nearly 500 kilometres, before it enters the plains, encompassing, since aeons, the life of the people of Garhwal. Cradle of the Ganga, and with the climate favourable for the development of terrestrial life. 
Through narrow winding gorges, the mighty river carries the message of the snows into the distant plains, the sacred life giver of toiling millions, while in the mountain ranges, waterfalls break into a thousand-cornered spedorama of colours and relentless glaciers wind their way down into dark precipices. The riches of natural beauty, as are found in the Himalayas are not to be seen anywhere here on this earth.  
The Ganga, above all (other rivers), is the river of India, which has held India's heart captive and drawn uncounted millions to her banks since the dawn of history. The story of the Ganga, from her source to the sea, from old times to the new, is the story of India's civilization and culture, of the rise and fall of empires, of the great and proud cities, of the adventure of man, of the quest of the mind which has so occupied India's thinkers, of the richness and fulfillment of life as well as its denial and renunciation, of ups and downs, of growth and decay, of life and death.'
Nehru in Bhutan on a yak, 1958


"He who thinks of the Himalayas, though he should not behold them, is greater than he who performs all worship in Kashi... As the dew is dried up by the morning sun, so are the , sins of mankind by the sight of the Himalayas."
Skanda Purana. 

In the Bhagavata Gita, Lord Krishna commanded his disciple Uddhava to go to Badrikasrama and contemplate on Him. The shastras state that no pilgrimage is complete unless a yatra is performed to the Shrine of Sri Badrinath.

For thousands of years pilgrims have braved the snows and dangers of every mountain pass to reach Kailash, fabulous abode of Shiva, and the eternal waters of the Mana lake, a region of sublime beauty.

See my more in-depth site on world peace at

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Monday, 17 February 2014

'Himalayas' means heaven ---Maharishi Mahesh Yogi

Q.: spoke about the importance of Himalayas. It is also said in the olden days people used to go to the Himalayas for meditation and gyan. Does Himalaya still having the spiritual value? What is your opinion?


"Himalayas will always remain Himalayas. They'll always be on top of the world. There are about 100 Purusha practicing Transcendental Meditation, living Purusha life, of absolute Brahmacharya Purusha life. They are gaining command over Prakriti. Prakriti is the Daivi Shakti, which functions for the individual as the individual Purusha value inside, witnessing value, self-referral value, Purusha value increases in daily life. Himalayas will always be the guiding light of purity, of affluence, of gaining authority in Nature.

Uttar Kashi has been a place where Guru Dev has been, and Guru Dev's Guru Dev has been. It's a fountainhead of Pure Knowledge. One cannot sing the glory of the Himalayas enough. And throughout the ages Vedic literature is full of the glory of the Himalayas: Gangotri, Badrinath, Kedarnath, Rishikesh. Beautiful, beautiful fortune of the people takes them on pilgrimage year after year Ö thousands of the people. They have a glimpse. They go there to breath a few breaths of peace and happiness and satisfaction. And they rise in Atma Vigyan, in Brahma Vigyan.

It's a very fortunate thing to be going to the Himalayas from time to time. It's a different world. One cannot describe in words. Yatho vacho nivartante/Tad dharma parama mama--'That is my abode, says the Lord, from where speech returns.' Sahasrakshara parame vyoman 'Transcendental is that field'. Shivam shantam advaitam chaturtam manyante, sa atma, sa vigyeya. 'That is the Self, the Atma, which is absolute silence, Shivato, which is the source of all dynamism'. It's a very complete culture of life for supreme state of evolution Chetana, Unity Consciousness.

Something that is real to life is housed in the Himalayan heights: peace eternal. And peace eternal is the basis of all possible dynamism in human awareness. That is why the concept is Yogasthah kurukarmani, 'Established in Yog, established in Unity Consciousness, perform action.' Beautiful philosophy of practical life.

We are building in different parts of the Himalayas for the busy people of the world to go some time there and refresh their soul, refresh their intellect, refresh their mind so that their speech and behavior will be the guiding light for human existence. It's very beautiful. 'Himalayas' means 'heaven'." 

See my more in-depth site on world peace at